National Geographic : 1952 Jan
71 National Geographic Plhotographer Willard 11. Culver Cage Branding Is Less Exciting but It Saves Time and Avoids Injuries Broken legs, common with the old roping and throwing technique, are eliminated by the metal branding cage here demonstrated on the J. D. Hudgins Ranch in Hungerford, Texas. This Brahman calf was led from the chute into the cage, then flipped over on its side. An opened door exposes the flank. One cowboy holds the head, another secures the leg, and a third applies the brand. Live Stock Exposition in Chicago-in 1926 with a Hereford, in 1936 with an Angus, and in 1937 and 1946 with Shorthorns. On my way east I stopped in at the offices of the American Hereford Journal in Kansas City to chat with Don R. Ornduff, its editor. The tremendous interest in beef cattle today is reflected in the size of that magazine. The 1951 Herd Bull issue of the Journal surpasses any beef-cattle publication ever issued, with its total of 940 pages. This is 136 pages larger than the 1950 edition. Driving through the Middle West, I passed through hundreds of feed lots in Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. Some are operated on a large scale, but there are few to compare with those of the California Cotton Oil Corporation in Los Angeles. This firm operates two cattle-feeding yards, where cattle are fattened for market, with a capacity of 13,000 head. Cattle come not only from California but from most of the Western range states. Feed is mixed in an automatic plant where one man, with the aid of hydraulic valves and electric switches, controls ingredients for mix ing more than 300 tons of feed a day. After the feed is mixed it is conveyed to finished feed bins where it is accurately weighed and put in specially built feed trailers, which distribute it to the cattle. They are left on feed from 90 to 120 days. In Chicago, center of the meat-packing in dustry, I visited the Nation's largest stock yards and the country's largest packers. Their handling of meat is a story in itself.