National Geographic : 1952 Aug
148 National Geographic Photographers B. Anthony Stewart and John E. Fletcher The Guide Whispers; Echo Carries Her Words Across Statuary Hall Bronze and marble statues contributed by 40 States in honor of distinguished sons and one daughter give this room its name. Here the House met from 1807 to 1857, and here Representative John Quincy Adams, a former President, was mortally stricken with paralysis (pages 145, 182). Statues (1. to r.) show Delaware's Caesar Rodney, Ohio's William Allen, Arkansas's Uriah M. Rose, Mississippi's Jefferson Davis (bronze), Vir ginia's Robert E. Lee (bronze), and Rhode Island's Roger Williams. California's Junipero Serra (bronze) holds a cross, and Pennsylvania's Robert Fulton looks at a ship model. Or perhaps you had forgotten the story of Edward Dickinson Baker, whose life-sized toga-draped figure stands in the high-domed Rotunda along with those of Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and others. Senator Baker of Oregon, Civil War hero and close friend of Lincoln, was killed as he led Union forces into action at Balls Bluff, Virginia. According to contemporary news reporters, Lincoln wept when he learned of Baker's death. Congress later singled out the Ore gonian for his place of honor in the Rotunda. All three branches of the United States Government figure in the Capitol's history. In one room or another of the old Senate wing the Supreme Court sat from 1801 until 1935. Most of our Presidents have taken the oath of office-some in rain or snow-outside the main east entrance. Just before each Presidential inauguration, incoming Vice Presidents traditionally have been inducted into office in the Senate Cham ber, where they also automatically assumed the role of President of the Senate. Since 1937, however (with the exception of the 1945 cere monies at the White House), the Vice Presi dential swearing-in has been part of the in augural procedures on the Capitol's east-front platform. How the Capitol Has Grown Physically, the Capitol has grown up by bits and pieces, its construction alternately pro moted and delayed by national pride and prac tical difficulties. The process began years before the Federal Government was moved, in 1800, to the wilderness capital by the Potomac.