National Geographic : 1952 Aug
145 National Geographic Photographer Willard i. Culver Juliana: "Mankind . . . Has to Trust Largely to Your Good Judgment for Its Deliverance" The Queen of the Netherlands, speaking on cooperation between the North Atlantic Treaty powers, addressed Congress in joint meeting in the House Chamber on April 3, 1952. President of the Senate Barkley and Speaker of the House Rayburn sit behind her. Prince Bernhard (front row, lower left) listens to his Queen. No other building in the country can sum mon so many illustrious ghosts: Jefferson, Adams, and Lincoln; Webster, Clay, and Cal houn. There were the Chief Justices John Marshall, Charles Evans Hughes, and William Howard Taft, the only man in American his tory to serve both as President and as Chief Justice. Art Teaches History The past lingers in the antique mirrors and marble fireplaces of modern offices. Statues and portraits of statesmen and soldiers look down soberly on every chamber and corridor. For the Capitol is more than a legislative factory. It is one of the Nation's foremost showplaces. Its art galleries and columned halls, its decorations and memorials are fas cinating not only in themselves but in their graphic presentation of the American story. Would you like to see what the first Speaker of the House, Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg, looked like? You will find his portrait hanging, with those of others who have held the post, in the long Speakers Lobby out side the Hall of Representatives. The round, serene face of this Pennsylvania clergyman, who served in the Continental Congress and the first four Congresses of the United States, belies the fiery period of revo lution and post-revolution in which he lived. Or you may want to look up the bronze or marble likeness of the distinguished son chosen to represent your State in Statuary Hall (page 148). Of the 40 States which so far have contributed statues in response to the con gressional invitation of 1864, only one has selected a favorite daughter. She was Frances E. Willard of Illinois, ardent feminist leader and temperance crusader.