National Geographic : 1952 Nov
665 National Geographic Photographer J. Baylor Roberts Razia Ghulam Ali, Pakistan's First Woman Industrialist, Gives an Order to a Foreman Wife of an engineer and mother of several children, Mrs. Ghulam Ali owns a cement-pipe factory in Karachi. Touring the United States, she was impressed by the skyscrapers and Hoover Dam. "We are beginning to realize that America has better methods," she told the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE. "They're remarkably intelligent and well informed," she told me later. "I asked if they didn't find it incongruous to be in pur dah while taking part in public affairs. " 'Perhaps,' replied Begum Sarfaraz, 'but, like your congressmen, we must think of our voters. They prefer us in purdah. But come back in five years; you'll find things changed. Women are coming to the fore.' " Off to See the Wali of Swat Back in Peshawar we met the Chief Secre tary of the independent State of Swat, a tall, distinguished gentleman with the single name of Ataullah. "You have seen areas under provincial and central government rule," he said. "You must visit a native state. The Wali of Swat is a member of the National Geographic Society. He'd be happy to have you visit Swat." It is difficult to resist an invitation to meet a man called the Wali of Swat, so, with Ataullah, Jean and I drove 100 miles north across a 6,000-foot range to Saidu, capital of Swat (map, pages 640-641). "The half-million people are all members of the Yuzuf Zia (Sons of Joseph) tribe," Ataullah said. "For years they fought bit terly among themselves. In the 1920's the father of the present Wali consolidated his position as strongest of the chiefs, was pro claimed Wali, and set about building a pro gressive state." The first Wali, a Saidu official told us, was a stern man. His methods were dicta torial. Theft was punished by death, and today locks are seldom seen in Swat. A public official convicted of graft had his head removed the next morning, and Swat's public administration is famed for its honesty.