National Geographic : 1952 Nov
logs were too heavy to float alone and because more could be carried this way than with an ordinary surface raft. The booms being towed to the sawmills looked like fleets of high-piled barges. Astoria and the Fishing Industry To obtain firsthand information about the fisheries which for gen erations have been a major factor in Pacific Northwest economy, Mac and I visited As toria, the town founded by the John Jacob Astor party in 1811 near the mouth of the Columbia River. It was the first permanent settlement in Oregon. Today Astoria has a 20-million-dollar-a year fishing business and ships wheat and flour. In 1951 its har bor received calls from 192 ocean-going ships. Annually in late summer and fall mil lions of salmon come from the Pacific Ocean into the Columbia River and fight their way upstream to the places where they were spawned two to four, sometimes six, years earlier. They do not eat after they leave salt water, but will strike viciously at shiny objects in their path. To catch them, anglers use spoon hooks without bait. Commer cial fishermen descend upon the hordes of mi grating fish with nets and take enormous toll. Unlike the Atlantic salmon, these anadro mous wanderers of the Pacific are destined to spawn and die. They return to the same streams of their birth at the end of their life cycles. There the 593 Photo-Art Commercial Studios This 53-pound King Salmon Didn't Get Away The angler, who fought the fish for nearly three hours, jumped into the river to land it.