National Geographic : 1953 Feb
0 National Geographic Society 176 ' Passengers Bound for South America Get a Musical Bon Voyage from Papa Celestin's Boys Next to its food and frolics, New Orleans is best known for its early advocacy of jazz. Negro musicians hired to play at funerals sometimes eased the strain of solemnity on the route home by improvising. They borrowed bits from French quadrilles, Italian operas, field-hand chants, and voodoo incantations, and wove them into a distinctive music of their own. Noted jazzmen who sprang from this "conservatory" include Buddy Bolden, Jelly Roll Morton, Bunk Johnson, King Oliver, and Satchmo Armstrong. Below: Papa Celestin (crowned with snowy fez) formed his band in 1916. Its full-dress title: Original Tuxedo Dixieland Jazz Band.