National Geographic : 1953 Jun
838 English Sailors Enjoy a Busman's Holiday on the Balcony of a Thames-side Pub The Prospect of Whitby inn, near London Docks, is a favorite with English seafarers. The Mayflower, but a few feet longer than a Thames sailing barge (center), took on supplies at London before the Atlantic trip. As the years passed, the English influence spread to the wilderness beyond New England. For example, Hingham, in Norfolk, is not only a New England shrine, though it sent numerous parishioners to Massachusetts. It was from Hingham that Samuel Lincoln, believed by historians to be the ancestor of the President, came to Salem in America in 1637; in a few months he moved to the settlement at Hingham. In old Hingham's 14th-century church is a bust of the Emancipator, placed there in 1919 (page 821). Nine miles north of Hingham, England, is another locality connected with the Lincolns. In 1615 a certain yeoman farmer signed his will: "At the New Mansion of me, Richard Lincoln, in Swanton Morley." In the little village of Swanton Morley is an old house, now the Angel Inn, where the will was signed. By its terms Richard Lincoln disinherited his eldest son. As a result, three of Richard's grandsons were forced by pov erty to emigrate to the New World. Among them was Samuel Lincoln. History some- times hangs indeed by a slender thread! In the 13 years of the Great Migration (1630-1642), nearly 20,000 Englishmen set tled in and around the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Representing every element of Eng lish life, they brought to New England a cul ture that was well rounded and complete. Little wonder that it took root so well in the Massachusetts soil. Could he but visit today his old haunts along New England's coast, Capt. John Smith might not find things wholly unfamiliar. The names of half the towns in eastern Massachu setts would echo counterparts in England. English traits and English architecture would make him feel at home, as would certain similarities in the countrysides of eastern Eng land and Massachusetts. The good captain might even detect traces of his own Lincoln shire accent in the speech of many a modern New Englander. Here, in the lasting impact of English speech and English ways, is a living memorial to the founders of New England.