National Geographic : 1953 Jul
144 atnona ueograpnic r'notograpners sates Littlenales and Donald Mlcuain Mediterranean Depths Give Up Ancient Greek Wine Jars Some 2,100 years ago a Greco-Roman galley loaded with these amphorae sank off southern France. This oldest known cargo vessel in the world has yielded several thousand such jars and other rare objects to its dis coverers, the Aqualung-equipped divers of the National Geographic Society Calypso Marine Archeological Expedition. The ship itself will be raised. marine photography. This summer he joins Commandant Cousteau in the Mediterranean to test electronic flash equipment he has de veloped for use with cameras held by free swimming Aqualung divers. Hunting Prehistory in Panama In the jungles of Panama Dr. Matthew W. Stirling of the Smithsonian Institution has continued the long-term investigation by The Society and the Institution into the past civilizations of Central American peoples. Dr. Stirling will recount his latest experiences hunting prehistory there in the next issue of THE MAGAZINE. The National Geographic Society and the Bartol Research Foundation of the Franklin Institute at Philadelphia have worked together since 1935 to solve mysteries of cosmic rays, depths by seasonal the atomic particles from outer space that bom bard the earth and are particularly active in the outer atmosphere. Dr. Martin A. Pomerantz, who has led two expedi tions to the Hudson Bay country to send his bal loon-carried Geiger coun ters to heights of more than 100,000 feet, is con tinuing his high-altitude research in India. The Society and the American Museum of Natural History, New York, are sending E. Thomas Gilliard, of the museum staff, back to New Guinea to continue studying and photo graphing the island's strange birdlife and Stone Age natives. Continuing, under Na tional Geographic aus pices, is the long-term research of Dr. Carl W. Gartlein, of Cornell Uni versity, into the mys teries of the aurora bo realis. Last winter The So ciety sponsored an in vestigation by Dr. Paul A. Zahl, of Haskins Lab oratories, New York, in to bizarre sea life thrown to the surface from vast convulsions of the Strait of Messina, between Sicily and Italy. Dr. Zahl's story and extraordinary color photo graphs will appear in THE MAGAZINE. As usual, National Geographic staff writers and photographers are on assignment in every continent to bring members articles and photo graphs of lasting value. For background and details concerning most of these projects see, in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGA ZINE: "Our Universe Unfolds New Wonders," by Albert G. Wilson, February, 1952; "Mapping the Un known Universe," by F. Barrows Colton, September, 1950; "Fish Men Explore a New World Undersea," by Commandant Jacques-Yves Cousteau, October, 1952; "Trailing Cosmic Rays in Canada's North," by Martin A. Pomerantz, January, 1953; "Strange Babies of the Sea," by Hilary B. Moore, July, 1952; and "New Guinea's Rare Birds and Stone Age Men," by E. Thomas Gilliard, April, 1953.