National Geographic : 1953 Oct
530 A Shetland Girl Bottle-feeds Her Rugged climate and terrain keep Shetland sheep small extremely fine. When they grow up, these lambs m men, attending the General Assembly of their church in Edinburgh, took a fishing vessel to were probably built for defense or refuge against the Norsemen by the Picts. Numerous brochs have been uncovered, but MIousa is the supreme ex ample, since it is struc turally complete. Owing to its remote location, it has survived to a height of 45 feet, and despite its grim exterior it has a ro mantic history. Sagas tell that 1,000 years ago it sheltered a runaway couple from Norway, and that another pair of lovers were besieged in it 250 years later by the lady's son. Up from the Sumburgh sand hills soared our crowded plane, heading southward for Kirkwall in the Orknevs. In 20 min utes we passed over Fair Isle with its cliffs and grain fields, the last in the islands to be plowed by oxen. Like Helgoland, Fair Isle is a noted bird ob servatory. A banding sta tion has been installed by its owner, Mr. George Keystom Iustrated1 Waterston, for the study Lambs of its migrants. Soon we were over the but make their wool Orkneys' low-lying North ay forage seaweed. Isles. The first, North Ronaldsay, has a wall around its shores to keep the sheep outside its fields. The island has its own breed of Holland, crossed to London, and then went small sheep, and, north. can thrive on sea The first scheduled air-mail service was in augurated between Inverness and Orkney in To Kirk 1934, and the first regular air mail to Shetland Westray, Eday in 1937. us, a glittering Shetland's small airport is at its southern sands, emerald tip under Sumburgh Head. Near it is a where, small as famous prehistoric village of the Bronze Age with tractors. H or earlier, surmounted by the ruins of a 16th- generous godmotl century castle which Sir Walter Scott chris- over the islands tened Jarlshof. The name stuck to it, and from the bottom to the ruins underneath. Thanks in large A fine road links Sumburgh airport to Ler- its farmers, Orkn wick, 25 miles north. On their way to catch ain's richer farm a plane, travelers get a glimpse of Shetland's Like strips of archeological curiosity, the Broch of Mousa, score the islands on a small island off Sandwick. trimly, like stran These circular, unmortared towers called looked down on "brochs" are unknown outside Scotland. They side blue waters, like the Shetland ones, they weed. wall in the Orkneys ,Stronsay were soon beneath spectacle with their white pastures, and brown fields toys, farmers were at work ere the Ice Age was a more her than in Shetland, folding the rich calcareous sea beds of what is now Mloray Firth. measure to the industry of iev has become one of Brit counties. gummed paper, white roads and little farmhouses stand ded arks. Over Kirkwall I a throng of gray houses be with the steep roofs of St.