National Geographic : 1953 Dec
826 Ontario )epiirtllent of tland(salld Forests Indians, Stolid, Pleased, and Skeptical, Register Beaver Pelts in Benny, Ontario Canadian law forbids sale of an unsealed pelt. These conservation officers thread metal seals (piled on counter) through eyeholes of furs at the Ontario Lands and Forests office. Like boxcar seals, the tags cannot be removed without destruction. Seals show dealers they are buying furs trapped legally. Each trapper must report the beaver houses on his limits; the standard quota is one animal from each house yearly. West of Queen's Park stands the Province supported University of Toronto, with 12,000 students. All Canada takes pride in "Varsity," as it is known (page 842). At the University of Toronto Medical School the late Sir Frederick Banting and Dr. Charles Best discovered insulin-and saved millions of diabetics for useful, happier lives. Varsity medical scientists also discovered the anesthetic cyclopropane and learned how to produce heparin, drug that prevents blood clot ting in operations on heart and blood vessels. Varsity dominates Toronto's cultural life. A long list I read of the university's affiliates includes the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Conservatory of Music, and David Dunlap Observatory. Seven thousand pupils attend the conservatory alone. Crater Explorer Heads Museum School children clustered around cases in the Royal Ontario Museum as Dr. V. Ben Meen, Director of its Museum of Geology and Min eralogy, showed me a model of Chubb Crater, meteorite blast hole in northern Quebec. Dr. Meen was leader of the National Geographic Society-Royal Ontario Museum Expedition to Chubb Crater.* In August of this year he located in northern Labrador another crater also believed to be of meteoritic origin. Newcomers relish days in Toronto perhaps as much for the city's fine shops as for its sights or setting. Visitors from the United States look especially for china, silver, furs, and woolens. Every year, in late August and early Sep tember, Toronto plays host to an average of 2,500,000 visitors attending the Canadian Na tional Exhibition, biggest of its kind in North America. Simply "the Ex" to Ontario people, it started as an itinerant agricultural fair, com ing to Toronto for good in 1879. Fifty per manent buildings now house, each harvest season, a gamut of agricultural and industrial exhibits. Entertainment ranges from midway shows to classical symphony concerts. Toronto's citizens are avid sports fans. Football is at least as popular as in the United * See "Solving the Riddle of Chubb Crater," by V. Ben Meen, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, Jan uary, 1952.