National Geographic : 1953 Dec
of the Nile, southern Illi nois is called "Egypt." At Cairo (pronounced Care-o in Illinois) on the southernmost tip of the State the Ohio River joins the Mississippi. The two mighty rivers and their tributaries carry water 1 from 30 States past levees which protect the old town (page 806). Two high bridges loom above the embankments, one carrying traffic across the Mississippi from Mis souri, the other, more than a mile long, spanning the Ohio from Kentucky. Here spring wakes in February, ginkgo and magnolia trees thrive, and cotton is grown on thou sands of fertile acres. The population of Cairo is 33 percent Negro. In the days when Cairo was in its glory as a river town, as many as 100 river boats were tied up along the Ohio levee at one time. High water lifted them above the wall so that people in the streets looked up at them. Thirty miles up the Ohio from Cairo, Metropolis, which dreamed of being the "City of the West" in early steamboat days but withered when the river packets ceased to ply, now enjoys an influx of resi dents because of the huge 5,000-acre atomic energy installation across the river 16 miles west of Paducah, Kentucky. The mines which sup ply a large proportion of the fluorspar used in this country are around Rosi clare. Some of the out put has been mined under the Ohio River. Now moved back from the calm-looking stream which can be cruelly treacherous is most of old 815 National Geographic Photographer I)avid S. Boyer Shawneetown,* but a few . Illinois Capitol Lifts Its Dome 361 Feet Above Springfield * See, "Shawneetown For sakes the Ohio," by William H. Constructed between 1868 and 1888, the Statehouse cost $4,500,000. Its Nicholas, NATIONAL GEO- 9-acre plot overlies a rich bed of coal. The last of Springfield's deep mines GRAPHIC MAGAZINE, February, shut down in 1952 when most coal seams beneath the city and its environs 1948. became exhausted (page 810).