National Geographic : 1953 Dec
811 National Geographic Photographer David S. Ityer A Deaf Boy Learns to Speak at Illinois State Normal University By mimicking the mouth movements of his teacher, by hearing her voice and his own powerfully ampli fied, and by comparing the vibrations in the two throats, the child masters pronunciation of words applied to objects put before him, such as the pictured doll and apple. Apparatus used in these techniques was originated by Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone. The girl taking notes hopes to become an instructor. Carthage College, alma mater of my good friend, the late William H. Nicholas, an as sistant editor of the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE at the time of his death in 1952. Our trip south began at Quincy, a comfort able old city on the Mississippi River. In the middle of the business district is a New Eng land-type town square, Washington Park, where the Mormons rested on their flight from Missouri and where Lincoln and Douglas held their sixth debate on the slavery question. The heyday of steamboat traffic on the Mississippi made Quincy a boom town before the Civil War. Now it derives its income from farm trade, modern industries, and the business of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. The famous stern-wheelers that once crowded its water front are but pleasant memories. A sensible Quincy business woman said to me, "We don't have sudden bursts of excite ment here. Most Quincy industries are con servative and long-established. Quincy is a city of prosperous contentment." At Alton we entered one of the most in tensely concentrated industrial areas in Illi nois. The city, five miles north of the confluence of the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers, has the Owens-Illinois Glass Company, largest glass-container factory in the world, and the Olin Industries, Inc., makers of am munition. Besides these there are big oil refineries, steel mills, a huge boxboard factory, and scores of smaller plants. Tows of laden barges pass constantly through a Federal lock in the Mississippi, and smoke from hundreds of chimneys lies heavy over the water front. On high bluffs above the factory district, residential Alton is smokeless. I found Shurt leff College and Western Military Academy, where I was a faculty member at the begin ning of World War I, not greatly changed. Lincoln "Fought" Comic Duel Near Alton Alton was the scene of the final debate be tween Lincoln and Douglas in 1858. Twenty one years earlier the Abolitionist editor Elijah Lovejoy was murdered here while guarding his printing press from a proslavery mob. Lincoln and James Shields met three miles from Alton to settle in a duel a dispute about newspaper letters-one written by Lincoln and the others by Mary Todd and Julia Jayne -which Shields said had libeled him.