National Geographic : 1953 Dec
/y lihiladelphlia inquirer World's Largest Transport Helicopter, Built for the Air Force, Dwarfs Older Models Piasecki's YH-16 Transporter carries 40 soldiers, 32 litter patients, or three jeeps. A version planned for airline use will seat 48 to 72. Piasecki also builds the H-21 (hovering) and the HUP-2 (foreground). be whisked by elevator to their aircraft. Obviously noise would be a problem close to a heliport. But downtown locations can be found which will not be objectionable to citizens. Also, much can be done in noise abatement by routing flight paths away from certain locales. Muffling of high-powered air craft engines is not yet practicable for eco nomic reasons, but experts are working on the problem. Helicopter Ideal for Short Hauls Frankly, today's fixed-wing aircraft are not designed to compete effectively with surface transportation on trip lengths of 60 to 140 miles. Airlines generally lose money carrying people such short distances. Moreover, on abbreviated hops the airplane may not offer passengers a saving in time because terminal facilities usually lie outside cities. These circumstances have weighed heavily on the short-haul local airlines, the operators whose routes tie into the main-line airways, and upon the growing number of air-taxi oper ators serving small communities. Unlike most of the big scheduled carriers, local lines depend upon air-mail payments to make ends meet. That picture is likely to change for some local lines, particularly those serving large metropolitan centers, as the heli copter captures an increasing share of the short-haul transportation market. In 1932 a grateful Congress erected a 60 foot monument to the fathers of powered flight on the windy crest of Kill Devil Hill. Around the monument's base are these words: In Commemoration of the Conquest of the Air by the Brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright, Con ceived by Genius, Achieved by Dauntless Resolu tion and Unconquerable Faith. Today the aviation industry is blessed with many young men who possess the elements of genius, who are resolute, who are spurred on by faith. They are the spiritual heirs of the brothers Wright. These men, given an era of peace, will continue the transformation of our world with the magic carpet born at Kitty Hawk.* * The NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE published its first article on aeronautics, "Tetrahedral Principle in Kite Structure," by Alexander Graham Bell, in June, 1903. Since then The Magazine has printed more than 120 features on aviation subjects. Among the authors have been such distinguished authorities as Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, Col. Charles A. Lindbergh, Brig. Gen. William Mitchell, General of the Army H. H. Arnold, and Gen. Curtis E. LeMay. For a complete list of aviation articles, see the two volume NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Cumulative Index, 1899-1952.