National Geographic : 1954 Jan
114 Wide World Champion Rancho Dobe's Storm Has Twice Won Westminster's Best in Show Trophy Louis Dobermann of Germany developed the Doberman Pinscher in the late 1800's to combine the terrier's agility with the shepherd's strength. Storm, owned by the Len Careys, of Cos Cob, Connecticut, won 17 Best in Show victories in 25 competitions. He retired to stud after this appearance with his handler, A. Peter Knoop (left) before Judge James A. Farrell, Jr. Storm captured Westminster's James Mortimer Memorial Silver Trophy for Best American-bred in Show and its sterling silver bowl (right) for Best in Show. Canada, several from California (a great State for dogs), and the rest from ten or more States. Most of the judges have but one or two breeds assigned to them, but usually there are four "all 'rounders" who have a large number of dogs to judge, including most of the rarer breeds. The all 'rounder is usually a man who is licensed by the American Kennel Club to judge all breeds and is paid a fee. The vast majority of judges are amateurs who are li censed for a comparatively few breeds. The judges for the groups and those for Best in Show have no other assignments; so the dog that wins Best in Show must be passed upon by three different judges. How does a judge get to be a judge? First of all, he has to have the background, prefer ably as a breeder and exhibitor. On his ap plication form, which goes to the American Kennel Club, he has to give his background and answer questions which test his knowledge of dogs, of the duties of a judge, of ring pro cedure, and the like. His name is published in the American Kennel Gazette, the official organ of this body, and anyone may write to support or oppose his application. Would-be Judge Is Judged in Turn Then comes a period of apprenticeship, in which the applicant serves under a licensed judge who is doing the breed for which he applied. The apprentice does this three times, under three different judges. After each show he writes a critique of the dogs present-and the judge writes a critique of the apprentice! These documents then go to the American Kennel Club, where they are evaluated along with the material already in the file.