National Geographic : 1954 Mar
one of the world's largest paper-bag makers. Huge machines here chew up daily 200 carloads (3,000 cords) of pine, mostly from Georgia's 23 million acres of forest. Six of them, each longer than a city block, convert the pulp into enough paper and paperboard for 40 million strong bags for food, grain, fertilizer, building materials; 300 tons of corrugated shipping boxes; and additional masses of creped, waxed, and plastic-coated wrappers-all in one day. For several years the State has topped the South in pulpwood production. Climate and soil favor rapid regrowth that keeps abreast of the harvest. In the early 1930's Dr. Charles H. Herty, of Savannah, pioneered in the making of newsprint from southern pine. As a result of his experiments, seven big pulp and paper mills have gone to work in Georgia. More are going up, and the industry swells with similar plants throughout the South. Savannah Cradled the Colony In 1733 Gen. James Oglethorpe and about 120 pioneers arrived from England to settle the last of the 13 colonies, in the name of King George II. Their ship moored at a bluff 18 miles up the river called Savannah. Dealing peaceably with the Indians, they laid out a town. The plan they followed still distinguishes the city of Savannah, cradle of Georgia. Into the growing port sailed vessels of every rig and size, bringing settlers and legal cargoes. Some smuggled contraband to a colony trying to outlaw slavery and rum. Schooners' ballast stone subsequently but tressed the bluff and cobbled the streets. Rocky ramparts give the old haven the hoary look of a medieval fortress. Walking over the mellow paving, I imagined the scene in days gone by: wooden masts by the score, dusky longshoremen, lantern-lit taverns, rol licking chanties, and salty smells. 290 Georgia Owes Its Name and Charter -+ to England's George II The State's Creek and Cherokee Indians first saw white men when Hernando de Soto's Spaniards came seeking gold in 1540. Almost two centuries later James Edward Oglethorpe founded Savannah and established the 13th English colony in America. The South's Empire State is famed for Uncle Remus and Gone with the Wind; for Eli Whitney's cotton gin, Coca-Cola, and peaches; and for the song of the Chattahoochee, as it skips through the hills of Haber sham and the valleys of Hall. Formerly at the mercy of cotton prices, Georgia now draws her wealth from diversified farming, cattle raising, and a host of booming new industries.