National Geographic : 1954 Mar
the center; and coastal plain ex tending inland over the south. A 100-mile-long chain of islands lies ' just off its Atlantic seaboard (map, page 290). Climate differs in these vast / belts, but it generally offers brief, brisk winters and long, warm summers with ample rainfall. It lets Georgia go to grass-in a progressive sense. Since 1940 total pasturage has more than doubled, to three and a half mil lion acres, while cotton acreage has shrunk from five to about one and a half million and continues to dwindle. Income from beef . cattle has increased 466 percent in the past 12 years. Riding across the countryside, I saw what grass can do for an erstwhile one-crop common wealth. Sharecropping and shabby tenant houses are on the way out. The enlightened farmer now uses electricity, paint, fences, fertilizer, mechanical equipment. He knows the value of soil con servation; he lives and works on his own land. Farm Products Diversified Farms cover nearly two-thirds of Georgia, and the State leads the Nation in production of broiler chickens, peanuts, water melons, pecans, and pimientos but not in peaches at present, though this is traditionally the Peach State. Long second among the States in cotton output, Georgia now ranks only sixth, but cotton cul ture, like most long habits, dies hard (pages 304 and 305). Even if no longer king, cotton remains the chief cash crop. All except five of the 159 counties raise it for textile manufacture, Georgia's largest industry. Fragrance of pine gave way to industrial aromas as I approached the outskirts of Savannah. From A tall chimneys of the Union Bag & Paper Corporation, smoke 289 National Geographic Photographer B. Anthony Stewart drifted over mountainous piles of Peanut Vendor Makes a Sale by Atlanta's Statehouse pulpwood. It took me several Corridors of Georgia's million-dollar capitol, lined with native hours to walk through the plant, marble, display many historic flags, some torn by shot and shell.