National Geographic : 1954 May
618 Sugar Sweetens the Commerce on Palm-shaded Merchant Street, Honolulu's Wall Street Business houses here serve as management consultants to stockholders in Hawaii's $175,000,000 sugar industry. Castle & Cooke, Ltd., occupies the extreme left, Theo. H . Davies & Co., Ltd., the right center, and Alexander & Baldwin, Ltd., the extreme right. Bishop National Bank flies the United States flag. "Why this concentration of fish?" I asked. "The North and South Equatorial currents move westward under the impulse of the northeast and southeast trade winds," Sette explained. "In between is a gap where the countercurrent flows eastward. "Near the Equator the surface water is de flected slightly to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere. This leaves a trough that can only be filled by water moving up from the depths. "This water is rich in nutrient salts phosphates, nitrates, and the like. As it mixes with the warmer water near the sur- face, where sunlight permits photosynthesis, plankton grows quickly and abundantly.* This provides nourishment for shrimps and small fish. They in turn are food for tuna." Atomic Tracers Solve Sugar Secrets Oldest Honolulu research organization is the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association Ex periment Station. Its nine acres of labora tories, greenhouses, and test plots nestle among homes at the foot of Manoa Valley. Here scientists, directed by Leonard Baver, Ohio-born agriculturist, face the fact that * See "Strange Babies of the Sea," by Hilary B. Moore, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, July, 1952.