National Geographic : 1954 Dec
He ordered the postern gate to be opened and liberated many remaining captives, including aged folk and numerous women and children. They were unmolested by the Mos lems as they moved to ward Tripoli, the nearest Christian port. En route these same refugees, spared by Sala din, were robbed of their possessions by the men-at arms of Raymond, lord of Niphin. Such powerful barons of Outremer often chose to raid rather than trade peacefully. Other lords, newly ar rived from Europe, would hear of nothing but mak ing war on the "paynims," or pagans, across the Jor dan. But the common folk, the Christian burgh ers and pilgrims, reached a live-and-let-live under standing with their Mos lem neighbors. "We who were once the Westerners have become like the Asiatics," wrote one Christian resident of the Holy Land, Fulcher of Chartres. "He who was once Roman or Frank is Syrian Children now a Galilean, or man Almost hidden bel of Palet Al y of paper past the at of Palestine.... Already, from magazines. W we have ceased to mention One viewer wears a the places of our birth... Some have married... Syrians, Armenians, or even Saracens who have received the grace of baptism.... One cultivates vines, another fields. They speak different languages and are already capable of understanding all of them. Why should anyone go back to the West when the East is so kind?" War Against Disease and Pests While these pilgrims who stayed in the Kingdom of Jerusalem learned something about hygiene and medical care from the more scientific Moslems, the farmers among them learned how to make windmills grind grain and how to lift irrigation water by giant wheels from the rivers (page 819). Now the picture is reversed. South of 843 Maynard Owen Williams Enjoy a Peep Show, Aleppo's Version of TV hind his homemade machine, the operator cranks a roll idience's eyes; pasted on it are colored illustrations cut hat looks like a television screen is an ordinary mirror. head scarf and wooden clogs; two favor Western togs. Damascus, American technicians of the Near East Foundation are helping Moslem villagers lick the ancient plagues of crop blight, malaria, and locusts, with modern discoveries. Where Crusaders carried home the secret of honey sweet sukkar, or sugar, these Yankees start sugar beets as a new crop. Similar help has come from the United Nations. Today's curse from Upper Egypt to the summits of the Taurus Mountains is the back wardness of village life. Sometimes the tech nicians run up against a villager like the one who demanded, "What is this? First you came and sprayed our village with DDT; after that you took two houses for your work. Now you have sprayed again with DDT. Will you take our entire village next?"