National Geographic : 1955 Mar
SNatlonal ueograpmc society 314 4 A River of Molten Steel Cascades from Open Hearth to Ladle at Volta Redonda Brazil's high-grade iron ore reserves are among the world's richest. To use this wealth, Brazilian and United States capital combined during World War II to build Volta Redonda, a steel city 60 miles from Rio de Janeiro. At capacity the mills can produce 600,000 tons of rolled steel products a year, enough to supply a third of Brazil's needs. This metal bubbles at 3,000° F. At tapping, the workman on the right tosses alloying metals into the ladle according to the composition required by the buyer. + A crane having guided the ladle across ingot molds, this worker opens the nozzle with the rod and pours steel.