National Geographic : 1955 Jun
824 Capt. John Smith's Remarkably Accurate Map Helped Guide the Pilgrim Fathers Mayflower pioneers, rejecting Smith's offer to guide them, bought instead his books and maps. In 1616 he published A Description of New England with map, part of which is reproduced above. It shows a section of Maine's indented coast: Pembrocks Bay is today's Penobscot Bay, and River "forth" is the Kennebec. Many Indian villages were given English names; some like "Boston" and "Ipswich" later turned up in Massachusetts. vine-wreathed studios of the sculptor, Augus tus Saint-Gaudens, situated on a grassy ridge across the Connecticut River from Windsor, Vermont. Peace broods over these sunlit workrooms with their silent casts of the noble head of Lincoln, the grave stern-jawed Puri tan, and the gentle bas-relief of Robert Louis Stevenson. Another kind of sanctuary beckons at the Cathedral of the Pines, near Rindge, New Hampshire. Where the 1938 hurricane carved a great nave through the trees, an altar now stands "as a place where all people may come and worship, each in his own way." New England's varied attractions are easy of access, as shown by the airports and the black and red networks of rails and roads, including an impressive and ever-expanding grid of superhighways. From New York the Hutchinson River, Merritt, and Wilbur Cross Parkways push deep into New England. A new expressway, partly completed, parallels crowded U. S. Route 1, the historic Boston Post Road. From as far west as Buffalo, New York State's Thruway funnels traffic toward Albany and an entrance into New England via the $239, 000,000 Massachusetts Turnpike, now under construction. Its Taconic State Parkway will also link up with this Turnpike. North of Boston the New Hampshire and Maine Turnpikes whisk motorists up to Port land, with spurs now building to connect Con cord, Manchester, and Nashua, and Ports mouth, Dover, and Rochester. All this and more is emblazoned on The Society's fact-crammed map. Hospitable New Englanders, however, will insist that the out lander treat this map as an "aid to naviga tion," not as a substitute for direct experience. "The world," as Lord Chesterfield remarked, "is a country which nobody ever yet knew by description; one must travel through it one's self to be acquainted with it."