National Geographic : 1955 Nov
720 Immigration, Old Style: Romanians of 1906 Arrive in Shepherd In the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE for May, 1907, appeared this photograph of costume-seven of 1,018,365 Europeans admitted in 1906. They were not identified. recognize them and know how they and their descendants have fitted into the fabric of Ellis Island was by far the best known. From its establishment in 1892 until it was closed in 1954, it processed 20,000,000 immi grants, sometimes as many as 5,000 a day. But now the great majority of pending exclusion and deportation cases are released immediately under conditional bond or pa role or supervision. Stowaways Cause Headaches In huge offices at 70 Columbus Avenue, the real business of the New York Immigration District is carried on. Through the Informa tion Center as many as 3,500 persons have passed in a single day. In other rooms people apply for extension of stay in the country, petition for citizenship, appeal unfavorable rulings, and file applications for sponsorship of intending immigrants. In individual cham bers hearings are held, scores at a time. Garb a family in native Does any reader American life? One of the minor, but annoying, problems of the Immigration Service is the stowaway. Several hundred are detected each year, on board ship or ashore later. Few come by air, although one was found in a cargo of tomatoes and another in a planeload of race horses, both at Miami. Now and then the Immigration and Nat uralization Service must deal with refugees, a number from Baltic countries, who arrive in small sailing boats without visas or docu ments of any kind. Most have been admitted, either through discretionary permission of the Attorney General or by private legislation. A more serious problem is to detect alien crewmen who desert their ships or otherwise overstay the time allowed them in port. More than a million alien seamen annually enter United States ports, and, on the average, about 2,000 jump ship each year.