National Geographic : 1956 May
© National Geographic Society 676 Where Lions Roared and Romans Cheered, French Gladiators Face Bulls in a Bloodless Sport Gone are the ravening lions, "the murmurs and shudders, the thick voice of the circus," as Henry James noted. Purple awnings no longer shade the naked arena, and burning incense has ceased to mask the reek of blood. Instead, gymnasts snatch a cockade from the bull's horns. Sometimes they are hurt; the bulls never.