National Geographic : 1956 Sep
378 Aluminum Company of Canada, Ltd. 16 Niagaras High! This 11-foot Tube Penetrates a Mountain A temporary ladder climbs one of a pair of penstocks that split the head of water from Kenney Dam (pages 396, 397). Bored upward inside Mount DuBose, the tubes tip at a 48-degree angle. Roaring through the steel-lined conduits, the stream hits Pelton wheels in Kemano powerhouse (opposite) with a pressure of 1,126 pounds to the square inch. like cirques stored mammoth pockets of snow above long U shaped canyons hol lowed out ages ago by glaciers. Below me, in deepfreeze, was almost limitless waterpower. "Not much of a spot to crash-land a sea plane," the pilot said, "but a great place to store electric power!" He had flown these mountains since the job began in 1951, and his touch of pride was typical of everyone who had a part in shap ing the epic of Kitimat. Suddenly the pilot pointed downwards. Over the peaks and snow fields the high voltage power line plunged into the Ke mano Valley and dis appeared inside the powerhouse in Mount DuBose. Ahead, the transmission towers walked down a slope toward Kitimat, the only level space large enough for the huge smelter and its attend ant city. Here a carefully planned frontier me tropolis for 50,000 peo ple, soon to be the third largest in British Co lumbia, is rising from the wilderness. A few years ago the only hu mans here were "Kit a-maat" Indians, the "People of the Falling Snow." Our plane landed in a fountain of spray, almost close enough to splash an ore-laden freighter from Jamaica. The Mallard waddled up a concrete ramp, like the duck for which it was named.