National Geographic : 1956 Dec
Jerusalem to Rome in the Path of St. Paul of Roman Antioch, as of so many places, lie buried. A newly dug pit on a hillside let me down into one of the man-deep aqueducts that carried running water to the marble homes and baths of this great city (page 730). Across the Anatolian plain I followed St. Paul, visiting the dead and living cities where the Apostle established his first recorded group of churches. Scarcely half a dozen Christian families, Armenians, live in Moslem Konya, the Iconium of New Testament times (page 737). At Iconium Paul and Barnabas preached in the synagogues. But resented their teachings and stirred up the popu lace. Riots took place, and the missionaries fled to near-by Lystra. But troublemakers from Ico nium followed and again stirred up the people. Paul was stoned and left for dead. At Derbe, now an other buried Roman ruin, Paul was at last able to gather a little group of believers without being persecuted. To these people of the plain St. Paul later wrote his Epistle to the Gala tians (so called because Gauls had invaded the area three centuries ear lier). Its theme shows him intervening from afar on behalf of his Gentile converts: "And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise" (Galatians 3:29). Paul and Barnabas also established a church in the rich city of Pisidian Antioch (not to be con fused with the Antioch to the south). I drove to the site of the ancient city in the blistering heat of noon. Its temples, colon nades, and public squares are long since gone. On their sites, in the foothills some devout Jews of the Sultan Mountains, I found the menfolk of modern Yalvac village sheltering beneath a mammoth tree. Yalvac's houses are patched together of wood, mud, and stone. An open aqueduct, not nearly so grand as the Roman channel of Paul's period, brought cool water from the mountain. Here and there an ancient column had been ruthlessly thrust into the hodgepodge construction of a stable. At one muddy corner spring water still dribbled through a worn and broken Roman fountain stone. I climbed a rickety staircase to watch some little girls knotting rugs on a hand loom. But In This Greek Stream the "Seller of Purple" Was Baptized Here, near Philippi, Lydia "attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul." Later Paul and Silas were thrown into jail (page 747). When an earthquake opened the doors, "the keeper... would have killed himself. supposing that the prisoners had been fled. But Paul cried ... Do thyself no harm: for we are all here." The jailer believed and was baptized (Acts 16:14-33). These villagers transplant tobacco seedlings.