National Geographic : 1956 Dec
740 Paul G. Almasy, Three Lions "Work with Your Own Hands"... Greeks in Thessaloniki Heed Paul's Advice Preaching here, Paul converted a "multitude." After his departure, many accepted the widespread delusion that the world was shortly to end and stopped work. In answer, the Apostle wrote: "If any would not work, neither should he eat" (II Thessalonians 3:10). These tanners peg down hides for drying. christened the gloomy defile "The Gates of they were required to keep the route free from Judas." * I stood here and knew that on a certain day some 1,900 years ago I could have met face to face the Apostle Paul, staff in hand, trudg ing through the gateway to the west, carry ing a message that would change the world. Antioch Claims Oldest Christian Church The Gates are called Giilek Pass because for centuries a Turkish family of that name sat astride this passage. With authority from Ottoman Turkish sultans, the Giileks told me, they collected tolls from caravans. In return bandits. Turkey's southernmost city, Antioch, a day's drive from Tarsus, is famed in early Christian history for two things: It is the place where men were first called Christians. And it is the city whose congregation sent St. Paul on his missions. It also claims the old est Christian church, a cave with a secret entrance where St. Peter preached the words of Jesus. St. Peter's cave remains, but the glories * See "Crusader Lands Revisited," by Harold Lamb, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, December, 1954.