National Geographic : 1957 Jan
83 L. C. Iandy Studios Jaywalkers Amble Among Buggies and Trolleys at Dawn of the Horseless-carriage Age Gibson Girls in high collars and veils contemplate the Pennsylvania Avenue of 1905 from the Treasury Building's terrace. The twelve-story Willard Hotel at left is Washington's exciting new "skyscraper." Southern Railway Building on right has just added two floors and a tower; its facade is gone today, but a rear wing remains. Long lens brings Capitol close. Pages 71 and 81 show this view of the Avenue in different eras. Grant win the campaign that brought victory at Appomattox. Leaving the District Building, we passed the Willard Hotel, built in 1901. An earlier "Willard's Hotel" on the same site was where Abraham Lincoln awaited his inauguration in 1861 and where Julia Ward Howe, in that same year, wrote "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" in a room above the Avenue. The Willard's southern windows now look upon a fresh patch of green; here, until re- cently, stood one of the Government's wooden temporary buildings, some of which date from World War I. All over the downtown area the "tempos" and other eyesores are coming down, to a chorus of "Good riddance!" On many newly cleared lots, on and off the Avenue, rise edifices that mark Washington not only as the seat of Government, but as headquarters of science, education, organized labor, and many other interests that exert powerful influences upon national affairs.