National Geographic : 1957 Apr
© National Geographic Society 454 Tattered Columns, Arch, and Senate House Rise from a Marble Wilderness . . . In its heyday the Roman Forum covered 25 acres with temples, halls, colonnades, statues, and triumphal arches. After Rome fell, farmers pastured cattle in the grass-grown ruins. Today only three columns remain of the Temple of Vespasian (left). Arch of Septimius Severus (center) commemorates the emperor's victories in the East. Domed Church of Sts. Martin and Luke stands on the foundations of a hall used by senators for secret sessions.