National Geographic : 1957 Jul
__ Vy~ © National Geographic Society 4 These Seven Were the First Americans to Stand at Earth's Southernmost Point Left to right: Rear Admiral Dufek; Petty Officer 2/c John P. Strider, crew chief; Lt. Comdr. Conrad S. Shinn, pilot; Petty Officer 2/c William A. Cumbie, Jr., radioman; Capt. Douglas L. Cordiner, observer; Lt. John Swadener, navigator; and Capt. William M. Hawkes, copilot. After the photograph was made, the Navy group left McMurdo for the Pole in their plane, Que Serd Serd (What Will Be, Will Be). Kodachromes by David S. Boyer, National Geographic Staff + JATO Boosters to Hurl a Plane Skyward Ride the Belly Like Rows of Bombs Rarefied air and sandlike snow freezing to skis make take-off runs nearly impossible at the Pole without the added power of expanding gases from a battery of JATO bottles. Seventy-seven pounds of fuel in each container ram a plane forward with a thousand-pound thrust. Empties are discarded in flight. Here, beneath an R4D at McMurdo Sound, a mechanic removes seals that protect the charges from exposure to weather.