National Geographic : 1957 Aug
+ A Day of Infamy at Pearl Harbor Plunges the Nation into War Japan's surprise attack knocked out units of the Pa cific Fleet and crippled Army air strength-a blow foreseen by Billy Mitchell. U . S. carriers, at sea on December 7, 1941, led American retaliation. Shops and hangars blaze beside Flying Fortresses at Hickam Field. 1i. S. Army, Omeial * U.S.S. Hornet Launches B-25's for the First Strike at Japan Four months after Pearl Harbor, Lt. Col. James H. Doolittle led an attack on Tokyo with 16 Mitchell bombers. Pilots flew 668 miles to drop their bombs, then crash-landed or parachuted into China. Of the 80 flyers, 73 survived. Doolittle won the Medal of Honor.