National Geographic : 1957 Aug
(© National Geographic Society 244 Kodachromes by Willard R. Culver, National Geographic Photographer + Antique Shorthand Spells Out the Oldest European Calling Card in the Southwest Spain's Capt. Gen. Juan de Ofiate passed El Morro several times while establishing New Mexico's first govern ment. The haughty conquistador cut this inscription across a far older Indian carving. The run-together message says that he was returning from "the discovery of the Sea of the South"-the Gulf of California-in 1605. + A century later, in 1709, a traveler named Ram6n Garcia Jurado "passed by here on the way to Zuni."