National Geographic : 1957 Aug
Cumberland County C Parrsboro Cape Mina e/shandss Spl he Cape Blomidon Halls Loooff Basin Te, Harburf lomidonatn res 198 'Passamaquoddy b 2 SPort Royal. GranSeal Cove 4 Digb Manan Cornwalls val Island Traini ase 576 654aine T ofMaine 120 162 more than nine land miles per hour-and then reverse themselves. Shoals, winds, and tides themselves also threaten the stranger. Even that experienced explorer Samuel de Champlain came to grief in 1606, when a Fundy tide completely shattered his ship on the rocks. And through the years of the last century, legend has it, one family on the island of Grand Manan rescued more than 150 persons shipwrecked in the bay. Today a vessel must follow a strictly pre scribed course. When the pilot has brought her opposite the desired port, he drops an chor and waits for high water. As the time approaches, he inches shoreward with the ad vancing tide. Once alongside the high pilings of the wharf, the ship ties up with extra stout lines. By then the tide may have already begun to ebb. Soon the vessel Fundy's Wedge Almost Severs Nova Scotia from the Mainland 270 Only 16 miles separate Chignecto Bay from Northumberland Strait. Tides make a canal impractical; a railway to carry ships picka back was begun in 1890 but never finished. sits stranded like an embarrassed whale. Noel is the port on Cobequid Bay, at the head of Minas Basin, where surveyors have recorded the 53-foot tides, highest known on Fundy or anywhere else. Around the town lies a belt of green farms and woodlands; we noticed that many of the solid farmhouses here were unpainted, toned to shades of gray by Hants County weather. These people, mainly of English, Scottish, and Irish descent, live on the produce of their rich countryside: grains, cattle, dairy products, pulpwood. Water Nibbles at Coastal Cliffs Suddenly the lush green of pastures and grainfields breaks off abruptly. Sheer cliffs of red sandstone or shale plunge into the bay, intercut with grottoes and eroded into dramatic arches, saddles, and pinnacles.