National Geographic : 1957 Sep
364 Emperor Penguins Gather Round a Swimming Hole Many ornithologists re gard the penguin as the most primitive of living birds. Incapable of rising into the air, the yard-high emperor "flies" under wa ter with sufficient speed to catch fish. The emperor is as digni fied in stature and de meanor as the name im plies. An adult male weighs about 75 pounds. Reversing the normal mi gration pattern, emperors head toward antarctic rookeries in the fall. The female lays a single egg. For two long foodless months on the ice her mate incubates it, tucked be tween insteps and abdomen. This open water occurs on the frozen Weddell Sea. © National Geographic Society The Royal Society - I ~- -------- ~~~7- i:-: "