National Geographic : 1957 Dec
leaving the other bare (page 843). Their bag gage is strapped on the backs of donkeys, and the men carry spears, bows, and throwing SY IA sticks. One carries a lyre, indicating that music was popular among the nomads. Still another Egyptian source, an adven ture story of 39 centuries ago, offers us a fascinating glimpse into the patriarchal way of life during this period. A courtier named Sinuhe had to flee Egypt and took refuge "in the East" with a chieftain much like Abra- Tripoli ham or Jacob. "It was a good land," wrote Sinuhe. "Figs Med erraUe were in it, and grapes. It had more wine Sea than water. Plentiful was its honey, abundant S its olives. Every [kind of] fruit was on its trees. Barley was there, and emmer. There was no limit to any [kind of] cattle.... Beirut , Bread was made for me as daily fare, wine as daily provision, cooked meat and roast Historicalnames are shown fowl, beside the wild beasts of the desert, in this type:Philistia for they hunted for me and laid before me, Sidon beside the catch of my [own] hounds." 'i/ , Genesis offers only one detailed life his tory of a Hebrew patriarch-the story of Joseph. The favorite son of Jacob, Joseph Tyr was sold into slavery by his jealous brothers O and taken to Egypt. There he found favor with the Pharaoh, rose to become prime min- o ister, and later saved his family from the ravages of a Palestinian famine (page 837). .. Haif , Sea of Galilee Slaves Often Became Court Favorites t. 192 ."abor The authenticity of the Egyptian local Plain ofEsdr elon of Moreh color in the story of Joseph has been corrob- Megiddq alley ofJezreel orated to a startling degree by archeological I 163 t.lboa evidence. For example, Joseph's first success "" I' in Egypt came when Potiphar, the captain of ISRAEL t the guard, made him "overseer over his house." . hechem ' Egyptian records show that such an office . F actually did exist in the houses of great nobles. Jafa a Two other titles mentioned in Genesis, "chief Aaa-elv of the butlers" and "chief of the bakers," / ete also occur in Egyptian inscriptions. Geer \ Furthermore, a study of ancient Egyptian/ Ju -eadS officials reveals that it was not uncommon for Ashkelon/ . t<L em found inca slaves to become court favorites and rise to . f 838 Gaz ^ Lachish 838 / ormah ? Debir Moa Said (ormaA? Sid '/ Beersheba. - , Mount of R ("Jebel s Traditional roue ,' of the Exodus, E Awa law lle EG ods I / Tor an iri en EGYPT watercoe OS@hen 0o h 0o, Khirbet ya @ Anc JohnLoths des Nahas .. a .