National Geographic : 1958 Jan
Herbert Wilburn, National Geographic Staff Rickenbacker Causeway Across Biscayne Bay Alters Geography and Maps Opened in 1947, the 3/-mile span has developed a new oceanside suburb and recreation area-Key Biscayne-within minutes of downtown Miami. Homes, motor courts, and gardens replace palmetto swamps, bamboo jungles, and a coconut plantation. This view looks toward Miami; fishermen line the bridge on all but the stormiest days, or even nights. City, bay, and causeway are brought up to date by The Society's map supplement to this issue. mile firing range extends from here to tiny Ascension Island in the South Atlantic. The South ranks as a major atomic energy center, with key installations at Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Paducah, Kentucky; and the sprawling $1,250,000,000 Savannah River Plant near Aiken, South Carolina. More than 1,000 new plants opened in the South in 1956; the petroleum, chemical, aluminum, pulp and paper, and food process ing industries show heavy concentrations. About 80 percent of the Nation's cotton tex tiles are now produced south of Mason and Dixon's line. Manufacture of rayon, nylon, Dacron, and other synthetic fibers is largely a southern industry. From Carriage Wheels to Satellites In 1888, the year the National Geographic Society was founded, life in Washington, D. C., moved at the leisurely tempo of horses' hoofs and carriage wheels. Today artificial satellites orbit the world in 100 minutes, and man stands on the threshold of interplanetary travel. It seems incredible that such epoch-making strides could have been encompassed within the traditional life span of three score years and 10. But these 70 years that witnessed The Society's growth from a small, local or ganization to a world force for knowledge and understanding are also the years in which man conquered North and South Poles, Everest, ocean depths and stratosphere, cracked the sound barrier, harnessed the mighty atom, and burst the fetters of time and distance. The National Geographic has not only chronicled the world's startling progress in words, pictures, and maps; it has conducted more than 150 research projects and explor ing expeditions, many of which have helped to fill blank spaces on the map. In today's ever-narrowing world, accurate, up-to-date maps are more vital than ever to our understanding of world events. With its new Atlas program the National Geographic Society takes another significant stride in furthering the avowed purpose of its founders: "the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge." Members may obtain additional copies of the new Atlas MAP OF THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES by writing to the National Geographic Society, Washington 6, D. C. Price, postpaid to all countries, 50¢ each. The price of the larger supple ment maps remains 75¢ on paper, $1.50 on fabric. All remittances payable in U. S. funds.