National Geographic : 1959 Mar
The Aluminum Company of America built this country's oldest operating aluminum smelter in Massena in 1903. Today Alcoa has two plants there and is producing aluminum ingot; wire, rod, and cable; and a wide range of structural shapes (page 324). Don E. Paro of Alcoa handed me a bunch of gossamer-thin aluminum filament 1/2500 inch in diameter. A single foot of aluminum rod only three eighths of an inch thick yields four and three-tenths miles of this spider-web wire, mostly used for one ampere fuse wire and cross hairs in military and scientific optical equipment. Ed Place took me to see Reynolds Metals Com pany's new $88,000,000 aluminum smelting plant on the riverbank seven miles east of Massena. Soon the smelter will be trucking liquid aluminum hot from the pot lines to a new Chevrolet foundry next door for casting into aluminum pistons and trans mission parts. The industrial and trade giant of "Seaway Valley" is, of course, Montreal, eastern gateway to the new waterway (page 326). House on wheels, the last of 525 Canadian homes to escape the new waterway, rolls through Morrisburg, Ontario, on a mammoth trailer. Moving was done so smoothly that some householders left their china safely on kitchen shelves. A newly dug channel bypasses Mission St. Francis Xavier on the Caughnawaga Indian Reservation, Quebec. Seaway surveyors took pains to spare the 232-year-old building behind Father Henri B6chard.