National Geographic : 1959 Sep
Russia's Breadbasket Stretches Across the Ukrainian Steppes Soviet agriculture is tightly organized into some 70,000 kolkhozes, huge collective farms where workers share the profits, and about 6,000 sovkhozes, or state farms where laborers work for wages. Each farm sells most of its produce to the state at fixed prices. Individual families on the farms may cultivate small plots for their own food and sell any surplus in private markets. Full heads of grain, nearly ready for har vest, are inspected by the burly director of a collective farm near Lvov. An oxcart takes sacked grain from a combine on a Georgian farm near Tbilisi. This side-by-side coexistence of the modern and the primitive appears in many areas of the Soviet economy. 392 KODACHROMESBY THOMAST. HAMMOND© N.G.S.