National Geographic : 1959 Sep
"Eye of Minos," journalists' nickname for the Minox camera-tube, gives archeology a revo lutionary new technique. The tiny camera is mounted behind the round window; the open ing at right shields an electronic flash. Franco Brancaleoni, leader of the field party, adjusts wires by which he controls film, shutter, and light while standing on the surface. Peering into an Underground Sepulcher, the Camera Sees a Massacre in Stone For months the author's team drilled into the cemetery of Vulci, searching for unlooted tombs. At last, boring into a five-room crypt, they hit treasure. Here the sudden glare of the periscope's photoflash reveals a spectacular stone sarcophagus graven with a scene from Etruscan mythology. Winged Charun, at left, a grim adaptation of the Greek ferryman on the River Styx, oversees punishment in the underworld. His minions, gripping two maidens by the hair, put them to the sword. Beneath a black cloth, geophysicist Lerici looks into a burial vault sealed some 2,500 years ago. His specially designed earth peri scope, casting its own light into underground chambers, slides in a test hole bored by the spiral bit on the ground. Piles of earth behind the team mark tombs opened for study.