National Geographic : 1959 Oct
KODACHROME(ABOVE) AND ANSCOCHROMES( N.G.S . Tension generated by a countdown reflects in the faces of men monitoring blockhouse instruments. Pioneer IV Blasts Off on a Voyage Past the Moon On March 3, 1959, this four-stage rocket roared up from Canaveral with a 13.4-pound satellite in its nose. Forty-one hours later the payload passed within 37,000 miles of the moon, then swung into orbit around the sun, where it may endure as long as the solar system. The moon was neither full nor visible at take-off time. Luis Marden photographed moon and rocket separately, creating sym bolic double exposures on the same film. Billows of smoke at lift-off (below) characterize Army's 428 Jupiter, Pioneer IV's first stage. Turbine exhaust (opposite) spews flame from the rocket's side.