National Geographic : 1940 Jul
The National Geographic Magazine Model for the Dome of the National Gallery Is the Pantheon at Rome Panini (1695-1768) painted this "Interior of the Pantheon," portraying a famous structure which is older than the Christian Era. Begun in 27 B. c. by Agrippa, it was completed in its present circular form by Hadrian. Once a temple for the worship of "all the gods," as the name indicates, the well-preserved building became a Christian church, Santa Maria Rotunda, in 609. When Panini painted this picture beneath the huge dome, which rests on walls 20 feet thick, he included himself, in white waist and black robe, in the foreground (Kress Collection).