National Geographic : 1940 Dec
New United States Map Shows Census Changes 823 Each Name on a Geographic Map Is a Tiny Photographic Print from Hand Lettering Photographs by Volkmar Wentzel Two Million Pen Strokes Are Needed to Make the Mountains on a Single Map It takes three months' work, but no method so satisfactory as drawing hachures by hand has yet been discovered for showing relief. A notable Geographic process, however, makes possible the reproduction of place names with the clarity and distinction of hand lettering and the speed of printing (upper picture). Names are "set up" on a photo-composing machine in which negatives of hand-drawn letters take the place of type. The name is then printed photographically and the print is cemented into place on the map.