National Geographic : 1941 Jan
The National Geographic Magazine Photograph by B. Anthony Stewart Proof That Man's Inhumanity to Man Is Nothing New At the right is a gibbet, or iron "cage" in which victims in medieval days were locked and hung up till they died of hunger and thirst. Leg irons, "man traps," and primitive manacles, also crossbows and other weapons, are displayed in this old cell above West Gate (page 71). can go in and worship with the brothers, re veals many styles of architecture from Norman to early English and Decorative. From all over the world church builders come to see this unusual edifice, where an eagle with a parrot's head sits on the lectern (pages 74, 87). An artist was down on her knees, while we were there, making copies of the symmetrical patterns in ancient floor tiles. The Plague in Raleigh's Time Today in Winchester, men may casually read that "plague has broken out in Mukden" or in some other vague, faraway spot. Yet time was when plague news was no casual matter here. Winchester had it over and over, epidemics worse than the "flu" that decimated our world in 1918. It was plague in London in 1603 that drove James I to Winchester, where Sir Walter Raleigh was on trial. In such plague years folks were forbidden to let their dogs run loose about town lest they carry the pest; butchers were punished who threw offal into the streets, and "clean-up campaigns" were ordered. Cartloads of dead were hauled out to the south of St. Catherine's Hill and buried there in the great plague of 1666. Today visitors go to see the Winchester "Plague Monument." Set in it is a flat stone whereby hangs an odd tale: farmers bringing food feared to enter the town, so they set their hampers on this flat stone which then lay outside West Gate. Town folk coming to buy food put their purchase money into jars of vinegar that were kept near the flat stone. This was to quiet the frightened farmers, who feared plague germs might be sticking to the coins! Thus food was sold and bought for cash without either party to the deal ever seeing the other. Immigrants from Europe mixed to help make the English people, just as later they helped settle America.