National Geographic : 1941 Jan
Winchester, England's Early Capital Photograph from H. W. Salmon and Son About This Round Table King Arthur May Have Sat with His Knights For centuries this 17-foot table has hung in Winchester Castle's Great Hall. Mentioned in records of 1253, and once set on legs, experts believe it was an authentic royal table at which knights feasted and planned their military movements and jousting tournaments (pages 69 and 78). Indians. That fort was built by George Wash ington and named for the Earl of Loudoun, commander in chief of Colonial forces. "The American mayor's visit recalled many early associations between our old town and its Virginia namesake. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth, Sir Walter Raleigh sent out a number of ships of colonists to America and gave the name Virginia to their settlement, out of compliment to England's Virgin Queen. Three hundred and thirty-four years ago, Sir Walter Raleigh was held prisoner, awaiting trial, in Winchester Castle. "King James had bitter hatred for Raleigh, and a 'packed' jury was induced, upon poor evidence, to pronounce the patriot guilty of treason. In consequence, Raleigh's valuable rights in Virginia reverted to the Crown. In 1606 the Virginia Company was chartered and made good all English claims to the colony. "A few years later, in the reign of James I, six poor boys of Winchester, England, were fitted out with clothes and other neces saries just before their departure for Virginia. In this city's archives it is recorded that the money for purchasing the items was taken out of the civic coffer, the coffer now seen in West Gate Museum. "There are other early connections between Winchester, Hampshire, and the American States. During the reign of King William III, Samuel Sewell, a native of Hampshire and later Chief Justice of New England, came on holiday to Winchester. His diary mentions his visit to Castle Hall and how he broke his rapier upon descending some awkward steps.