National Geographic : 1941 Jan
Winchester, England's Early Capital fascinating feature is reprint of news of long ago. For example: May 9, 1785. Mr. Whar ton kissed the King's hand on being appointed Poet Laureate. The stage cart from Exeter to Ottery St. Mary was entirely burnt, with all its goods, when the axle tree caught fire because the driver had neglected to grease it. Mr. Blanchard's balloon went up ... carrying Miss Simonet, the dancer, and her small lap dog. John Rogers, horse thief who died in jail, left a log book naming the number of horses he had stolen, with the day of the month and 568 owners' names. Monday, May 11, 1835. British authority in India is paramount. That of the French is almost annihi lated . . . Portuguese lin gerinafewspots... Danes have a few settle ments...theDutchre tain Sumatra, Java, Bor neo and some other islands, but from none of these has Britain anything to fear. Her rivals have fallen, and left her in possession of the most gigantic dominion ever appended to a foreign state. Thus, in the back files of this Winchester paper, you can see how not only the old capital but the nation itself H h S t grew up. High Street, with ] grew up. Like any American Here in 827 Egbert, Edict abolishing tribal newspaper, this Chron- should be called "Engli icle advertises bargains all the English-speaking in used cars; columns language (page 68). of want ads and clear ance sales; boxing; ice skating; lessons in dancing, music, French, stenography; home talent plays; concerts; and chiropody. I talked with the editor. His paper goes to Hampshire folk now scattered all over the world. When Men Were Deported for Stealing a Rabbit "Now and then a visitor comes from the West Indies," I was told, "or from Australia or Tasmania, hunting through old church and court records for information about some ancestor exiled from here in early colonial times." Photograph by B. Anthony Stewart rhornycroft's Statue of King Alfred the Great Alfred's grandfather, was crowned king and issued his distinctions and directing that all tribes in the nation sh." Here Alfred began recording Anglo-Saxon history; g world now looks on Winchester as the nursery of its A man so punished was said to have been "sentenced to transportation"; usually his exile was for seven or fourteen years, some times for life. Incredible it seems now, yet cases are on record of men sent to penal servi tude overseas for such trifling offenses as stealing a fleece, a keg of beer, or even for snaring some farmer's rabbits! Debtors jailed in West Gate prison used to stick a collection box out through the bars so charitable passers-by might drop in a few coins. Winchester College made weekly allotments of ox and sheep heads, oatmeal, salt, bread, and beer-as well as table scraps from the boys' dining hall-to feed local prisoners.