National Geographic : 1941 May
How much do you know about DIABETES? Another important precaution is to have peri odic, at least annual, physical examinations with urinalysis. If possible diabetes is indi cated, a blood sugar test will aid discovery before other symptoms appear, and effective control of the disease can be begun. 1. Q. What is diabetes? A. It is a disease of the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach; in diabetes this gland fails to produce enough of a substance called insulin to permit the body adequately to use or store sugar. 2. Q. Can anybody have diabetes? A. Yes. People of all ages, sexes, and conditions. But... the people it strikes are usually over weight and between the ages of 40 and 60. Also, it occurs most frequently among those who do not lead active lives. A tendency to develop diabetes seems to run in certain fami lies. And the disease is more common among women than among men. 3. Q. Do diabetics live as long as other people? A. That depends largely on the patient. Diabe tes ranks 8th among causes of death. There is no known method of actually curing the disease. But... the diabetic whose disease is discovered early; who promptly puts himself under and stays under his physician's guid ance; and who masters the details of his treat ment, stands a good chance of living as long as he could reasonably expect to live without diabetes. 4. Q. Is there any way to guard against diabetes ? A. Yes. The simplest and most effective guard for adults is to keep below average weight. 5. Q. What are the symptoms of diabetes? A. The commonest symptoms, which call for im mediate medical attention, are: excessive thirst; excessive appetite; unaccountable loss of weight following excessive weight; constant unaccountable weariness and irritability; in older people, boils and carbuncles. 6. Q. When diabetes is discovered, how is it controlled? A. By proper diet, insulin, and exercise-each of these factors being adjusted by the doctor to the individual patient's needs. 7. Q. How can I find out more about diabetes? A. By asking your doctor. Metropolitan's practi cal, free booklet, 51-N "Diabetes," which con tains much helpful information, will be sent upon request. COPYRIGHT 1941-METROPOLITAN LIFE INSURANCE CO. Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (A MUTUAL COMPANY) (, Frederick H. Ecker, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD Lerry A. Lincoln, PRESIDENT 1 MADISON AVENUE, NEW YORK, N. Y. An interesting 10-minute Technicolor movie on food and health -"PROOF OF THE PUDDING" -has been pro duced by Metropolitan in co-operationwith the United States Public Health Service. It is a contribution to better understandingof the importance of proper nu trition. See it when it comes to your neighborhood.