National Geographic : 1941 Jun
The Society Maps Northwestern United States and Neighboring Canadian Provinces T HE great northwestern United States and neighboring Canadian Provinces are mapped in all the richness of their stir ring history and scenic splendor in the big new supplement which accompanies this issue of the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE. Here is a full-length portrait in colors of a vast vacationland and rich repository of natural wealth-a land of mountains, mines, and national parks; of lumber, lakes, and elec tric power; of wilderness, farms, and busy cities beneath their snowy guardian peaks. Notes give striking facts concerning places, products, and pioneers. Dotted red lines show routes of explorers and early settlers through the wonder world of the West. In contrast are the latest engineering projects and recreation areas, roads, railways, Indian reservations, and cities mapped in the light of the new United States census. This unusual international map, 242 by 36 inches, forms a notable addition to the National Geographic Society's "Rediscovering America" series of decorated, fact-laden charts, which thus far have included Historic and Scenic Reaches of the Nation's Capital, Reaches of New York City, and the South western United States.* The area shown in the new map reaches from Salt Lake City deep into western Canada and from the Black Hills to the Pacific. It covers the five northwestern States-Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming-and also a section three hundred miles wide run ning across the Canadian Provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan. Area Strewn with National Parks Here geography runs wild in some of the most remarkable mountain country on the globe. Within the compass of the map the wide fertile farms of the Great Plains give way to the Rocky Mountains, and the towering backbone of the continent yields in turn to the lesser ranges stepping down to the Pacific. The region is strewn with national parks. Yellowstone, father of them all, has the highest large lake in North America, some of the world's most spectacular geysers, and one of the Nation's most arresting river canyons and waterfalls.t Jasper, largest of the Canadian parks, has magnificent lakes, glaciers, and snowfields, now made much more accessible by the Colum bia Icefield Highway (page 749). A note on the map recalls that the park takes its name from Jasper House, early fur-trading post, which in turn owed its name to Jasper Hawse, an obscure trapper. On both sides of the friendly border is the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park, with some 75 glaciers, 250 mountain lakes, and deep "U" valleys cut by rivers of ice. Many of the lordly snow-capped mountains were once fire-spouting volcanoes-Mounts Rainier, Olympus, Hood, Shasta, and scores of others. Such a volcanic cone was prehis toric Mount Mazama, which swallowed its head, leaving the huge depression which forms incomparable Crater Lake in southwest Ore gon.$ Dotting the map are other national parks and monuments, or points of pilgrimage set aside by States and Provinces. They range from South Dakota's Mt. Rushmore Memorial Park, with its colossal figures by the late Gut zon Borglum, to the new Olympic National Park in Washington, "America's last frontier," and Tweedsmuir Provincial Park in British Columbia. America the Bountiful From the metal-hearted mountains of these States and their Canadian counterparts come many of the mineral sinews of industry and defense. Shown on the map are some of the sources of copper, lead, zinc, manganese, and other metals, including silver and gold. Living gold and silver leaps in the streams trout and salmon sporting in the cold moun tain waters. When explorers Lewis and Clark passed the lower Columbia in 1805 they were impressed with the Indian salmon fisheries, and Lewis carefully described the native methods of catching and curing the fish. Today they would find that crude fishery grown to a great Northwest industry. Of the whole world production of canned salmon, more than two-thirds comes from the Pacific Northwest, and the area shown on this map yields about one-fifth of the world's * Additional copies of the new map, Northwestern United States and Neighboring Canadian Provinces, may be obtained by writing to the National Geo graphic Society, Washington, D. C. Prices, in United States and Possessions, 500 on paper (unfolded); 750 mounted on linen. Outside of U. S. and Possessions, 75¢ on paper; $1 on linen-all remittances payable in U. S. funds. Postage is prepaid. A list of all maps avail able for separate sale will be sent upon request. SSee "Fabulous Yellowstone," by Frederick G. Vosburgh, in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE for June, 1940. $ See "Crater Lake and Yosemite Through the Ages," by Wallace W. Atwood, Jr., NATIONAL GEO GRAPHIC MAGAZINE, March, 1937.