National Geographic : 1941 Jul
In the Pennsylvania Dutch Country Htarr fnotograpler .1. iaylor Ioberts Encircled Stars and a Running Horse Brighten a Barn in Lancaster County According to legend, the Pennsylvania Dutch once painted symbols on their barns to frighten away witches. Today the pictures, common sight over the countryside, are purely decoration. Most popular are star, lily, and tulip designs. play together on the other side of the build ing. A bell calls them back to several more hours of work. Usually, after 14 years of age, an Amish child's schooling ends. From then on a boy helps his father on the farm; a girl works with her mother about the house. Amish maintain that if a boy waits much after his fourteenth year to learn farming, he will not be efficient in the work that is the true life of the Amish. "Fair Week" Climax of Year Fairs, picnics, and markets we love. Every thing dates from "fair week." Corn must be cut before fair week. Seeding done after fair week is not properly husbandlike. Apples must be gathered the first moonless period after fair week. At these fairs we exhibit and admire every thing from cottage cheese, crazy quilts, and white mice to purebred bulls and stallions. Our picnics are tremendous affairs, really "old home" gatherings. The annual picnic which I attend, as has my family for genera tions, has been held in the same grove on the first Saturday in September from time imme morial. It is known as the Wolf's Church pic nic. Rarely fewer than five thousand persons attend. Here old friends greet each other, coming from Boston or Birmingham; no mat ter where, they plan to be on hand. The markets are an institution. Farmers bring what they have to sell, city folk go to buy, and all go to visit. The social leader discusses the merits of yellow-skinned and white-skinned dressed chickens with the wife of her own gardener; the markets are demo cratic affairs. Only the improvident buy pota toes, lettuce, eggs, etc., in the grocery store. Many markets are now under roof in build ings designed for that purpose (pages 64, 68). Stand on a corner any Saturday in Lan caster's Penn Square and watch the market parade. Wicker baskets swing on pedestrians'