National Geographic : 1941 Jul
The National Geographic Magazine Staff I'ltograplhr .. Baylor talarts In Kentucky Even Roosters Volunteer for Service with the Fighting Forces This red bantam stands watch before 1st Armored Division headquarters at Fort Knox, Kentucky. He roosts in a bush beside the door and is fed by the men; here Pvt. Avery Withers tickles the rooster's rosy wattles. screens made by burning leaves, hay, or grass. No chemical is more effective than mustard gas, which was discovered about the end of our Civil War. Our experts refer to their gas weapons as "agents," which they classify in three groups: those which injure human beings; smoke screens; those which start fires. "We teach recruits to protect themselves against gas in three ways," officers say. "First, by use of masks. Then, by taking refuge in gas-proof shelters; third, by quick flight from any area being shelled by gas bombs." I saw rookies in line, learning to identify different gases by smelling of bottled samples. Some made them sneeze and weep. Mustard, however, smelling like garlic or horse-radish, produces no immediate physio logical effect on the inhaler. Lewisite gas smells like geraniums, and makes you sneeze. Phosgene smells like freshly cut green corn, or silage fodder. It is visible as a thin white cloud. It burns your eyes, tightens up your chest, and makes you cough. In war phosgene is meant to kill and mus tard gas to burn: lewisite does both. Uncle Sam's Army Still Rides 15,000 Horses "The horse is obsolete," insists a tanker. "Oh, no," argues an old cavalryman. "The Germans still use 800,000. The Poles sent cavalry against the Germans in 1939, armed only with lances." "Sure," agrees the tanker, "and look what happened!"' "Well, maybe-on that level European plain. . . . But what good would your cast iron turtles be on narrow mountain trails, or in swamps? And America's got 11,000,000 horses to draw on." "Tanks can go anywhere cavalry can." So into the night goes the argument.