National Geographic : 1941 Aug
Tarheelia on Parade Industrial Piedmont Merges into the Coastal Plain of the Atlantic operating a fish farm in a near-by marsh. He has already proved that fish will thrive in lakes in salt marshes of the State under con ditions at Beaufort. In an outdoor pool here I saw several hun dred of the 16,000 diamondback terrapins raised at the laboratory each year. When the young are one year old, or about the size of a half dollar, they are dispatched to wild life refuges from Maryland to Georgia. Wilmington Helps Build "Bridge of Ships" Wilmington's water front once reeked with turpentine, and harborside terminals bulged with cotton. Its exporters were known to shipping men in Liverpool and Yokohama. But look now. Turpentine barrels vanished with North Carolina pine forests, and export able cotton bales became scarcer with the growth of the cotton-textile industry. The bulk of Wilmington's sea-borne trade now is gasoline from Texas. More than one hundred silvery tanks holding 65,000,000 gal- Ions spread along the Cape Fear River bank in and below the city. Six years ago demand for antiknock gaso line brought a new industry here. Engineers of the Ethyl-Dow Chemical Company sought a site near an unlimited supply of clean sea water with high content of bromine, an ele ment required in the manufacture of tetra ethyl lead. They found the site below Wilmington on a peninsula flanked by the ocean and the river. Water is pumped from the ocean into the plant for treatment and then discharged into the stream. The treated water has to flow a dozen miles to the ocean, thus preventing dilution of the water on the sea side of the peninsula. Wilmington built ships for the World War and is playing a similar role in the defense program. On a 70-acre site nine ways have been built where 37 steel cargo ships of 7,500 tons each will be assembled by 1943.