National Geographic : 1941 Aug
The National Geographic Magazine Staff Photographer J. Baylor Roberts College Songs Ring from the Bell Tower at Chapel Hill The University of North Carolina is the oldest State university in point of operation. Opening its doors to the first student in 1795, it has operated since except for five years following the War between the States. Although its first duty is to the State, it seeks to improve economic and social conditions in the whole South (page 197). save these from sand suffoca tion, brush fences have been built along the Atlantic beaches, and dunes have been planted with grass. A few years ago old Cape Hatteras Light was abandoned because the encroaching sea washed against its very base. Dunes built up by the fences and held fast by grass have liter ally pushed the sea back several hundred feet. To see a typical Banks vil lage, I planned to drive to Ocra coke. I found the "highway" mere hub-deep sand ruts, so I took to the air. My Ocracoke taxi bore no license tags, for the State does not contribute to highway maintenance on this stretch of the Outer Banks. Ocracoke is a jumble of small frame houses with sandy lanes winding among them. Many natives trace their origin to ship wrecked sailors who, thankful for their rescue, settled here abouts for life. Once the villagers lived by salvaging cargoes of ships which, legend says, they pur posely lured to destruction on the Banks. Sons and grandsons of those salvagers today are per forming heroic service as Coast Guardsmen. Frequent ferries now reach Ocracoke from the mainland, and two years ago a group of artists established a colony there. Yet you still hear na tives say "hoigh toid" for high tide, "foine toime" for fine time, "fitten" for fit, and "tur kles" for turtles. Life is governed by the tides. You are born here on flood tide and die on ebb tide. Under ground vegetables are planted only in the dark of the moon; others in the light of the moon, or they will not thrive.* I crossed the three-mile-long Wright Memorial Bridge span ning Currituck Sound to reach * See "Bit of Elizabethan England in America," by Blanch Nettleton Epler, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGA ZINE, December, 1933.