National Geographic : 1941 Oct
The Founders of the New Kingdom A PAUSE in his successful campaign against the Hyksos has given the Pharaoh Ka-mose an opportunity to return to his capital and enjoy a brief reunion with his family. Against a background formed by the Nile and, in the distance, the well known cliffs of western Thebes, we find the warrior king discussing with his younger brother, Prince Alh-mose, and his grandmother, Queen Teti-sheri, the merits of a team of horses, destined for the royal stables. The Egyptians, thanks to the ex ample set them by the enemy, had recently begun to import these hither to unknown animals from Asia and to use them with epoch-making results in the newly inaugurated chariot divi sion of the army-a branch, which through its mobility and its deadly efficiency was soon to help transform the naturally peaceable inhabitants of the Nile Valley into world conquerors. Our portrait of King Ka-mose is taken from his man-shaped coffin, unearthed at Thebes in 1857. The elements of the armlet which the Pharaoh wears on his right arm-a cartouche flanked by a pair of small gold lions-were found among the wrappings of his badly decayed mummy. A poniard with a silver handle of the old lenticular pommel type was tied on the left arm of the mummy in Nubian fashion. The dagger actually shown in Mr. Herget's painting, also the property of Ka-mose, is of Hyksos design, as is also the bronze war axe which the king holds in his right hand. The most interesting of Ka-mose's wea pons is his two-handed sword, its bronze blade inscribed with the king's names and titles, its handle delicately inlaid in gold. The weapons and jewelry worn by Prince A'h-mose are the most famous products of Egyptian minor art of the early New Kingdom. With the exception of the inlaid silver diadem, all are from the burial of Ash-mose's mother, Queen Ahl-hotpe, discovered at Thebes in February, 1859. The axe, of copper with a cedar handle, is completely overlaid with gold and electrum, the blade adorned with designs inlaid in carnelian, tur quoise enamel, and lapis lazuli. The figure of the griffin appearing on the blade is a Helladic motif, bor rowed directly from the island of Crete, with which Egypt at this time maintained close and friendly rela tions. There is, indeed, some evi dence of a military alliance between the two nations, directed against their common enemy, the Hyksos. Teti-sheri-"Little Teti"-we know chiefly from a statue in the British Museum, which represents her, not as we see her in the company of her distinguished grandsons, but as a frag ile, charming girl, newly married to their grandfather, Prince Taco I. During her long life Queen Teti sheri played an important role in the varying fortunes of her husband, sons, and grandsons, and, revered and be loved, "lived to see Thebes trans formed from a little provincial court into the capital of a great empire."